I have shot a few game animals, not alot. I like the theory two holes are better than one and like to have enough gun to do that job. I prefer to use bullets that do not have a tendency to grenade at high velocity (3000+ fps) but of course expand well to about twice their diameter. I shoot a 300 win and a 300 RUM.
I shot a moose this year and 2 of my 4 bullets did not pass through. Two were through the lungs and they passed through. I would expect this since there is little resistance there. One was at back end of the moose. It passed through a bunch more flesh, but did not break much bone. The other was through the neck and again, did not hit much bone. I shot the moose at 286 yards with 180 grain .308 nosler etips out of my 300 RUM. I estimate the velocity at that range close to 2700 fps. That is a 30-06 velocity. The bullets I recovered weighed about 179 grains and opened perfectly.
My question is, should I expect those bullets to pass through? I am a bit worried about hitting heavy bone, say a high shoulder shot, at that range or further. The 300 RUM is a screamer and should have plenty of power past that range.
Don't get me wrong, the moose died a good and quick death. And really, I probably did not need to shoot is so many times. Hind sight. It did stay out of the water though, and that is were is was headed before the .308 copper poisoning.