2. Biden-Mitchell Compromise
On June 6, 1991, Senator Joseph Biden (D-Del.) proposed S. 1241, a bill designed to control and reduce violent crime.  Biden's bill was the Democratic version of the crime package offered by the Bush administration on March 11, 1991.  On the same day, Senate Majority Leader George J. Mitchell (D-Me.) revealed his own compromise proposal for a handgun waiting period. 
Mitchell's compromise consisted of a waiting period with a mandatory background check and the authorization of forty million dollars to help states update their criminal records in order to facilitate instantaneous criminal background checks.  The receipt of federal funding would be contingent upon compliance with two conditions.  Senator Mitchell indicated specific reasons [p.259] for this conditional funding. 
S. 1241 was basically a reintroduction by Senator Biden of S. 618, his own Crime Control Act of 1991, with the inclusion of the compromise version of the Brady Bill. According to Biden, the nation needed such a comprehensive anti- crime bill.
3. Thurmond's Compromise
On June 20, 1991, Senator Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) attempted to have the President's crime bill, S. 635, substitute S. 1241. The one-hundred-day deadline for Bush's proposal was June 14; however, when the time came for a vote on the bill Senate Republicans did not want to support the Thurmond initiative.  When Thurmond attempted to amend the measure in an effort to capture more votes, his bill began to closely resemble Biden's comprehensive crime bill, S. 1241.
Debate raged back and forth between the two competing factions in the Senate. Democrats claimed that the GOP bill was, in essence, S. 1241.  The only difference was Thurmond added monetary provisions for state and local law enforcement officials patterned after Biden's proposals.  Thurmond insisted that S. 635 was still the administration's bill, even though the administration explicitly stated that the extra $3 billion for law enforcement was neither necessary nor available. 
When the measure was brought up for a vote it was rejected by a 40-56 vote, which was mostly along party lines.  In an effort to salvage the administration's bill, Thurmond and other Republicans attempted to offer parts of S. 635 as individual amendments to S. 1241.  [p.260]
4. Stevens' Amendment
On June 28, 1991, Senator Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) proposed an amendment that would replace the waiting period for gun purchases with a mandatory instantaneous background check.
 The amendment provides for a penalty against the states if they do not have an instant check system implemented and operating twenty-four months from the date of enactment.  The penalty for a state failing to comply with the mandatory checks from improved state and federal criminal history records would result in the loss of justice assistance grants.  According to Senator Stevens, these mandatory criminal background checks would still preserve the Second Amendment rights of law-abiding citizens.  The amendment does not permit the registration of either a gun or a gun owner and it specifically prohibits keeping any records of lawful transactions. 
This amendment was met with great opposition.
 Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell pointed out that the Stevens' amendment was substantially similar to the Staggers' amendment proposed in the House.  Mitchell believed that the amendment failed to provide police with the requisite tools needed to make a thorough background check of a prospective handgun purchaser.  Therefore, he asserted that the amendment was proposed in an effort to avoid the strict waiting period.  Mitchell further stressed that an instantaneous check is neither technologically feasible, nor cost efficient at the present time.  As a result, the Senate rejected Stevens' amendment by a vote of 44-54. .....