A new wiki article has been contributed by Back Country Robb about road hunting in Alaska. Here's a place to describe how it works and how it doesn't work, and caution new hunters about the potential problems. As with all wiki articles, this one is a community project, and can easily be added to and edited.
Road hunting is the least effective but most favored of the budget hunter. To increase your success rates on road hunting, homework is a must. Read maps, read maps and then read some more maps. There are a lot of popular places to road hunt and although a novice easily thinks that, "I remember seeing moose here before...", the truth is that moose are everywhere. A successful road hunter will read maps and hunt according to migratory patterns that coincide with the time of year or rut. Some moose migrate from higher elevations to lower in search of breeding cows and others spend the first few years of their lives within a 3 square mile area before they venture off to other areas. This is true for most bulls but cows are the exception as they distribute themselves everywhere. So to summarize, early season moose will be higher in elevation and old logging roads or ATV trails that network across foothills or mountains are a good bet for road hunting. Another good area is find places that swamps or large thatches of alders are next to the road system that is being hunted. An asset to road hunters is applying for cow permits in the areas that will be the focus of the road hunt. This enables the hunter to virtually double the chances for moose hunting success as most regulations permit you to shoot only bulls in most units. It is imperative that the research also involve some field verification of housing or other places nearby that people or structures might be in order to avoid a disastrous shot.