The Executive Branch (headed by the President) is responsible for submitting a budget to Congress. I have been working on a very small portion of the budget for several years now. We normally start working on the budget at least 18 months ahead of time; right now we are planning on our first budget meeting in December for the Fiscal Year 2016 budget.... Congress is then supposed to begin passage of their budget and then each of 12 Appropriation Bills, though they usually roll these into one Omnibus Budget bill. However, I can't remember, in 22 years, the last time they passed a "budget" prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, October 1st. We start each year with a Continuing Resolution which resently have been lasting until March. It really is a pain working under those conditions, because the agencies are only getting their money either monthly or sometimes even weekly. This year, we are being told to expect money on a daily basis, 1.9% a day; its very difficult to plan work doing that and you spend an inordinant amount of time justifying why you need money each and every day or week. I really wish Congress would just do their job and get their work done in regular order, but I really don't see anything changing until the whole system breaks down.